Arthritis is a joint disorder that involves inflammation of one or more joints. There are various forms including, amoungst others, rheumatoid arthritis, septic arthritis and gout but osteoarthritis is the most common type.
Bursitis is the swelling and inflammation of a small sac of synovial fluid. These sacs are found over bony prominences where a muscle (usually the muscle's tendon) could be at risk of high friction or damage. The resultant pain from the increased swelling and pressure inside the bursa is very effective in keeping you from causing further friction, and this pain typically starts long before any damage to the tissues could start.
DOMS is the commonly used abbreviation of ‘Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness’ and is the pain and stiffness felt in muscles a while after unusual or strenuous exercise.
Felt most strongly from 24 to 72 hours after exercise, it is thought to be caused by lengthening or ‘Eccentric’ exercise, which causes ‘micro-trauma’ or small-scale damage to muscle fibres. The muscle adapts rapidly after exercise, to prevent muscle damage and soreness, if the exercise is repeated.
Widespread pain to the muscles of the body, unusually high levels of fatigue, tender points in multiple areas and great sensitivity to seemingly normal things, are all indicative of someone suffering from the disorder known as Fibromyalgia.
‘Ligament sprains’ and ‘Muscle strain’ are often confused and usually written about in tandem, however they are in fact quite different. Muscle and tendon (joining muscle to bone) strains occur when there is a poor level of fitness or poor dynamic control within the muscles, whereas Ligaments join bone to bone and injuries occur when there is excessive movement forced through a joint...quite different and so we deal with them in separate articles.
‘Muscle strains’ and ‘Ligament sprains’ and are often confused and usually written about in tandem, and although the rehabilitation principles are similar they are in fact quite different conditions. Ligaments join bone to bone and injuries occur when there is excessive movement forced through a joint, whereas muscle and tendon (joining muscle to bone) strains occur when there is a poor level of fitness or poor dynamic control within the muscles...quite different and so we deal with them in separate articles.
Musculoskeletal pain is pain caused by injury to the bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons and/or nerves. The pain can be either acute or chronic and either localised or widespread. It is basically a summary of all the types of physical pain a person could suffer from.
Also referred to as ‘Neck-Arm syndrome’, Neck-Arm pain encompasses a number of conditions that affect your neck or upper back, which include some arm symptoms. The most common form is the shoulder variety. Specific to problems that cause referred pain down the arm, Neck–Arm pain can also lead to a more advanced condition of ‘Abnormal Neural Tension.’
Overuse injuries, as the term implies, are the result of the gradual, repetitive action and overuse of certain muscles, tendons or bones, as opposed to acute injuries, like a sprained ankle, which happen instantaneously. They can happen through sports, be work related, or through constant repetition of any physical activity. As they happen over a period of time, there are generally four stages to Overuse injuries which are:
Rotator cuff syndrome is a common shoulder injury. The Shoulder joint, an unstable ‘ball and socket’ type joint, is controlled by the Subscapularis, Suspraspinatus, Infraspinatus and Teres minor muscles, which form a cuff around the ball of the shoulder. They control your shoulder movements in relation to your shoulder blade.
When acting individually, the muscles will rotate the ball in the socket, but when functioning together they stabilise the joint and maintain the space within the joint to allow for the full range of movement, even under excessive loads.
Shoulder and Arm
Elbow and Forearm
Wrist and Hand
Upper Back and Chest
Hip and Thigh
Knee and Leg
Ankle and Foot
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