Arthritis is a joint disorder that involves inflammation of one or more joints. There are various forms including, amoungst others, rheumatoid arthritis, septic arthritis and gout but osteoarthritis is the most common type.
DOMS is the commonly used abbreviation of ‘Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness’ and is the pain and stiffness felt in muscles a while after unusual or strenuous exercise.
Felt most strongly from 24 to 72 hours after exercise, it is thought to be caused by lengthening or ‘Eccentric’ exercise, which causes ‘micro-trauma’ or small-scale damage to muscle fibres. The muscle adapts rapidly after exercise, to prevent muscle damage and soreness, if the exercise is repeated.
There are a number of technical differences between disc protrusions, bulges, herniations and prolapses but for the purpose of this article, we’ll group these together as disc herniations. The specific name given to a disc condition reflects mainly the severity of the degeneration and as far as Physiotherapy is concerned, it makes very little difference. We simply aim to get our patients pain-free for as long as possible to avoid surgery and maintain function.
Widespread pain to the muscles of the body, unusually high levels of fatigue, tender points in multiple areas and great sensitivity to seemingly normal things, are all indicative of someone suffering from the disorder known as Fibromyalgia.
Musculoskeletal pain is pain caused by injury to the bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons and/or nerves. The pain can be either acute or chronic and either localised or widespread. It is basically a summary of all the types of physical pain a person could suffer from.
Overuse injuries, as the term implies, are the result of the gradual, repetitive action and overuse of certain muscles, tendons or bones, as opposed to acute injuries, like a sprained ankle, which happen instantaneously. They can happen through sports, be work related, or through constant repetition of any physical activity. As they happen over a period of time, there are generally four stages to Overuse injuries which are:
When a nerve becomes entrapped or ‘pinched’, usually because of injury to structures next to the nerve, this is referred to as a ‘Pinched nerve’, where nerve pain, damage and associated symptoms can occur. Self-diagnosed pinched nerves rarely need to be operated on and even upon MRI diagnosis, the rehabilitation of the poor biomechanics (often the cause of your dysfunction) have been found to be an effective treatment option with a significantly lower risk profile. Symptoms could be created by muscle tension, so the nerve is often unaffected, even with feeling symptoms of tingling, pins and needles and pain. But don’t underestimate it, the perception of a pinched nerve can and should be comprehensively assessed by an experienced Physiotherapist. Should there be any damage beyond that with which a Physiotherapist can assist, you will be referred to a surgeon for a second opinion.
The Sacroiliac joints (SIJ) are formed by your pelvic bones joining onto either side of the sacrum bone, at the lower end of the spine. When any abnormal increase or decrease of movement at the joints take place, this may lead to Sacroiliac pain, which is known as Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction (SID). It is therefore vital to have normal movement and good muscle control in this area to maintain happy joints.
The sciatic nerve is the main nerve running from the lower back to your leg and the irritation or pinching of this nerve can cause the severe leg pain, known as Sciatica.
Long term compression of the Sciatic nerve can severely damage it and affect its function. These symptoms could even become permanent, so when experiencing inexplicable, relentless or progressive pain, it is vital for one to immediately seek medical attention like that of a qualified physiotherapist.
The spine of someone with Scoliosis may look more like an ‘S’ shape than a normal straight line. Up to 2% of individuals may have some form of scoliosis but a mere 10% of those are severe. These spinal curves, presenting mostly in adolescence, are usually more prominent where the upper back meets the lower back. Screening the spine for Scoliosis would usually be done between 11 and 14 years of age.
Shoulder and Arm
Elbow and Forearm
Wrist and Hand
Upper Back and Chest
Hip and Thigh
Knee and Leg
Ankle and Foot
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You must not rely on the information on this site as an alternative to medical advice from your physiotherapist or other medical practitioner. If you have any specific questions about any medical matter, you should consult directly with your physiotherapist or other medical practitioner. If you think you may be suffering from any condition, you should seek immediate medical attention. You should never delay seeking medical advice, disregard medical advice or discontinue medical treatment because of information on our website.